Although there has been a huge decline in the rate of teen pregnancies, statistics show that there are almost 1700 births each week in the age group of 15 to 17 year olds. Therefore it is a long way to go. Efforts should be made in discussing the importance of protected sex and birth control with young girls. They should also have sufficient knowledge about the sexually transmitted diseases and safety measures.
There are a few birth control pills meant specifically for the teens and the young women. However, there are also a number of other methods apart from using pills. All these methods have their own advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, it is best for young women to consult their physician before opting for a certain type of birth control method. The health care provider will be able to give the best recommendation, keeping your general health and body conditions in mind. Given below are some of the methods considered safest for young women.
Birth control pills
Birth control pills are the most popular of all, mainly owing to their effectiveness and easy availability. These can be bought from any local store with or without a doctor’s prescription. A few pills may however require age verification. These pills are taken after the sexual intercourse, within certain duration of time as suggested by the manufacturer. These are therefore very convenient and safe for unprecedented sex.
Other birth control pills are mean to be taken on a daily basis, one pill each day. These pills are mainly composed of estrogen and progestin, although some may higher levels of progestin. These work by preventing the eggs from leaving the ovaries so that fertilization never takes place. They also thicken the cervical mucus so as to prevent the sperms from swimming all the way into the uterus.
Pills for young women also have other benefits like reducing menstrual cramps, light bleeding during the periods and prevention of pelvic inflammation. These pills also do not cause acne, bone thinning or premenstrual problems. There are also certain pills that allow you to have only four periods in a year. However, there are also some side effects that come with taking these pills on a regular basis. These include headache, fatigue, nausea, abnormal menstrual cycles and breast tenderness. These symptoms usually last for 2 to 3 days after taking the pill. If it continues for longer than that, it could be suggestive of a more serious health condition.
Birth control shots
Getting progestin shots is another effective alternative for birth control. These work in a similar way to the birth control pills and need to be taken every three months. These shots also protect the young women from endometrial cancer and prevent iron deficiency anemia.
Birth control shots are excellent for those who may not be able to stick to daily pills. They are also more convenient as one single visit to the doctor will help you for three long months. They may however cause a few side effects like irregular menstruation and weight gain.
Vaginal rings are available with a doctor’s prescription and are directly inserted into the vagina. They are small flexible rings that release progestin and estrogen and produce the same results as that of birth control shots and pills. Unlike the other two, these do not alter hormone levels throughout the body. However, the rings may cause increased vaginal discharge, irritation and infection.